is god a moral monster thesis

One of the arguments against the God of the Bible is the kind of God we find in the Bible—specifically, a God who can appear to be a moral monster. But there’s a third point to make here, and it’s about that phrase “destroy every living thing” in the cities. This book answers the question very well. What stands out in the Bible is not God’s acts of justice, but how much He is marked by mercy; by restraint. In the culture of the ancient near East, most people lived in outlying areas, not the cities. Also, in terms of the ancient language of the day, even destroying everyone in the city was common hyperbole. The medieval mind saw giants and mythical creatures as God’s punishments for the sin of pride. If they accept your terms and open the gates to you, then all the people inside will serve you in forced labor. Israel didn’t have an inherent right to the land. But God did. Scholars have called the Canaanite cult religion the most sexually depraved of any in the ancient world. ISBN 978-0-8010-7275-8. Is God a Moral Monster? Introduction But why does that bother us so much? In the introduction of this book Copan provides two main goals in which he … This was God’s planned punishment of the people of Canaan for their ways, long in the making and in the coming. Isn’t God love? Although Atheism has been around for many years this group of new people brings more to the ongoing debate of if God is real or not. There are several places where this is referenced in the Bible. Lewis, God in the Dock: Essays on Theology and Ethics (Grand Rapids: Wm. Case in point? Then in chapter 5 he turns to the binding of Isaac. This book review will be about Is God a Moral Monster? This kind of monster cannot be detected visually, but has to be revealed by its monstrous actions. Is it true that young women were purchased like any other object of property in biblical marriages? Another big accomplishment was when he served six years as the president of the Evangelical…, which bore me onwards, like a hurricane...Life and death appeared to me ideal bounds...I should... pour a torrent of light into our dark world" (Shelley 94). Making Sense of the Old Testament God. Abraham’s obedience is intended to serve as a model for Israel and to inspire Israel’s obedience and solidify their relationship with (“fear of”) God.5” ― Paul Copan, Is God a Moral Monster? Critics emphasize the role that bride price played in Old Testament marriage. Copan takes the time to explain many of the Old Testament's seemingly inexplicable and tedious laws. PLAY. 252 pp. He made it. Now, it is self-evident that if He knows all things beforehand, He either approves of them or does not approve of them; that is, He either is willing they should be, or He is not willing they should be. God is wrathful because God is love.”. is one of the best theological books I have read. What differs is the notion of God: Christianity claims the idea of the trinity of God. Like the “nontracts” from the Freedom from Religion Foundation and the anti-religious pamphlets from Normal Bob Smith and Cyberguy, this pamphlet of superior design can be easily printed from home in color or black-and-white and then distributed throughout your community. This also means that in acknowledging who God is and being rightfully related to Him, we [re actually functioning as we were designed to function. The monsters is born as an embodiment of a certain cultural moment, a time, a feeling, and a place. Much has been written in recent years on the moral problems with the depiction of God in the Old Testament. Not only the punishment, but the possession of the land and who He was going to give that land to. In other words, destroying everything meant winning decisively, not literally destroying everything. But you may keep for yourselves all the women, children, livestock, and other plunder. Created by. thesis, I discovered that the most popular searches for God and the Old Testament are: is God of the Old Testament evil, is God of the Old Testament a merciless monster, is God of the Old Testament a moral monster, and is God of the Old Testament different from the God of the New Testament. Why? The story consists of a hero of the Geats, who comes to the aid of Hrothgar, the king of the Danes, who’s mead hall has been attacked by a monster by the name of Grendel. Grand Rapids: Baker Publishing Group, 2011 That God is a God who is angry with evil, at war with evil. It’s the idea of God’s wrath. But the wickedness reached a point where Scripture talks about how God couldn’t stomach it anymore and He vomited them out of His mouth. “But these instructions apply only to distant towns, not to the towns of the nations in the land you will enter. [1] Richard Dawkins, The God Delusion (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2006), 31. And that may be what bothers us the most. laineykorsan. That’s exactly why God is wrathful against some of them. That brings up the final point to remember in all this—one that is unavoidable. Or a strong army beating a weaker army, as if strength or desire gives anyone the right to be aggressive. Because no matter what you’ve heard, judgment is always God’s last resort. This results in them being called hypocritical. Greg Koukl (from the podcast) and Paul Copan (in his book, Is God a Moral Monster) both take up the assertion, "atheists can be moral without God." But it wasn’t just to be given to them. My last resistance to the idea of God’s wrath was a casualty of the war in the former Yugoslavia, the region from which I come. In Is God a Moral Monster?, Paul Copan describes how wonderful and loving God is while fighting off the accusations of God being a monster by the New Atheists using the Old Testament. : Making Sense Of The Old Testament God 1st Edition by Copan, Paul (ISBN: 9780801072758) from Amazon's Book Store. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker, 2011. Learn. According to some estimates, 200,000 people were killed and over 3,000,000 were displaced. Miroslav Volf, Free of Charge: Giving and Forgiving in a Culture Stripped of Grace. Adapted from James Emery White, Christianity for People Who Aren’t Christians (Baker). Is God a Moral Monster? Cohen, Monster Culture, 7 Theses. Beowulf is an old English poem written by an Anglo-Saxon poet. One of the important themes of Is God a Moral Monster? Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Is God a Moral Monster? My villages and cities were destroyed, my people shelled day in and day out, some of them brutalized beyond imagination, and I could not imagine God not being angry. “Is God A Moral Monster?” By Paul Copan is definitely a must-have for disciplers and apologists considering how often questions come up about OT laws. In those towns that the Lord your God is giving you as a special possession, destroy every living thing. Of course, this is by no means the only interpretation of monster stories. Here’s an overview description: “As you approach a town to attack it, you must first offer its people terms for peace. In chapters 3 and 4 Copan addresses the charge that God in the Old-Testament is both jealous and egocentrically demands worship. And I do mean wickedness. The cities were military fortifications for soldiers and military officers. Let’s take the divinely directed slaughter of the Canaanites. (Before you read on, let me just parenthetically add that this was not a license to rape and pillage. That’s exactly why God is wrathful against some of them. According to this accusation, God is a “moral monster” since He “created” evil—or because He neglects to do anything about evil. : Making Sense of the Old Testament God - Kindle edition by Copan, Paul. Both claims are contrary to reason and evidence, as … Match. One major point made by Copan is the question of how truly loving or terrible God is. The term monster comes from the word monēre, which means to warn. So in terms of warfare, this was not about civilians. There have been so many evil acts committed in the name of God that it is difficult to maintain that a belief in God equates to morality. And that’s what brings us to one of the bloodiest scenes in the Bible—the slaughter of the Canaanites by the Israelites on the directive of God Himself. It wasn’t about literally taking every life, but ensuring that the war was won, the enemy defeated, the task accomplished. Everyday low prices and free delivery on … He was born in Croatia and lived through the nightmare years of ethnic strife in the former Yugoslavia—a time that included the destruction of churches, the raping of women and the murdering of innocents. Often the word monster brings up any stories such as Frankenstein, Dracula, and Beowulf. The New Atheists also build on what has always been said about Christians such as they have the reputation to be full of themselves and judgmental. We respect your privacy. ), religious prostitution and sexual cults. He is also a professor in Palm Beach Atlantic University. Among the challenges facing the church today is the attack on the Christian faith posed by what is commonly called the “New Atheists.” $14.99 paperback.. review by Kevin Williford. If you ever have any feedback that you’d like to share, whether positive or constructive, simply reply to the email. Yes, God was displacing them from the land to give it to the people of Israel. Think how in our day we talk about how a team blew their opponent away, or slaughtered them, or annihilated them. 252 pp. Flashcards. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Please refer to our Privacy Policy for more information. He could give it to whomever He wanted. The stories of these monsters have a … Easily the most common attack on God’s morality is the reality of evil. The Canaanites had no inherent right to it either. Or is there something more here? When you study the language of the ancient near Eastern cultures, this was very common. “This will prevent the people of the land from teaching you to imitate their detestable customs in the worship of their gods, which would cause you to sin deeply against the Lord your God.” (Deuteronomy 20:10-18, NLT). One of the arguments against the God of the Bible is the kind of God we find in the Bible—specifically, a God who can appear to be a moral monster. Paul Copan takes on Neo-Atheists' claims of a petty, malicious Old Testament God. Their wickedness kept increasing and increasing and God kept enduring it. One of the arguments against the God of the Bible is the kind of God we find in the Bible—specifically, a God who can appear to be a moral monster. I once read some penetrating words on this from Yale theologian Miroslav Volf. Paul Copan, Is God a Moral Monster?Making Sense of the Old Testament God (Grand Rapids: Baker, 2011). So, was that an indiscriminate massacre, an ethnic cleansing along the lines of Hitler and the Jewish Holocaust or Saddam Hussein’s slaughter of the Kurds? Author Bio Paul Copan (PhD, Marquette University) is the Pledger Family Chair of Philosophy and Ethics at Palm Beach Atlantic University in Florida. The book mainly focuses on how God is portrayed in the Old Testament and what some “New Atheists” have to say about it. You’ll never find that in the Bible. Four hundred years of restraint and patience. Shouldn’t divine love be beyond wrath? [4] All Bible passages are quote in New King James Version In so many words, they conclude: The fact that they can only strengthens theism's case. They had to take it, possess it and, at times, conquer it. One major point made by Copan is the question of how truly loving or terrible God is. This was God’s land. Paul Copan is a Christian theologian, apologist, and an author. On the depravity of the Canaanite cult religion, see “Canaan, Canaanites,” Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible, Vol 1, ed. : Making Sense of the Old Testament God. So if someone says, “I can’t believe God kicked the Canaanites out and gave away their land.” What do you mean “their”? In this timely and readable book, entitled Is God a Moral Monster apologist Paul Copan takes on some of the most vexing accusations of our time, including: God is arrogant and jealous God punishes people too harshly God is guilty of ethnic cleansing Buy Is God a Moral Monster? Paul Copan’s Is God a Moral Monster? Part 2 of Copan’s book asks whether God is a “Gracious Master or Moral Monster.” It is comprised of three chapters: one on whether God’s appetite for praise and sacrifice makes him arro-gant or humble, another on God’s rage and jealousy, and a third on the story of the near-sacrifice of Isaac, asking whether God is a child abuser. Well there it is, I hope you like my review of “Is God A Moral Monster?” by Paul Copan. A typical moral monster … is sex and marriage. STUDY. Once Beowulf defeats Grendel, Grendel’s mother comes to the mead hall for revenge, and Beowulf comes to…. Does God endorse such transactions? “You may enjoy the plunder from your enemies that the Lord your God has given you. God is love, and God loves every person and every creature. Copan is a very successful author who has written and edited over 25 in the following areas: science and religion, theology, apologetics, philosophy of religion. What I have found is that not only God is a moral monster, but Paul Copan is as well. He could do with it whatever He wanted to do. In this analysis, I will be writing about the historical context, world view, and psychological context within the story. Three pastors consider street-level objections to God's morality. Israel had no inherent right to it. Mark Davis has produced an awesome tri-fold pamphlet called Is God a Moral Monster? In the novel, Victor essentially recreates life, a task normally attributed to God, without fear of the moral consequences. Terms in this set (7) thesis 1. monster's body = cultural body-never just a monster - always signifies something else-reflection of fears/anxieties and projection of them "All that own the being of a God, own that He knows all things beforehand. But if they refuse to make peace and prepare to fight, you must attack the town. How did God react to the carnage? In other words, it was God’s call to make. Is God a Moral Monster? Write. It’s a form of rhetoric. Copan, Paul Is God a Moral Monster? He once thought that wrath and anger were beneath God, but he said he came to realize that his view of God had been too low: “I used to think that wrath was unworthy of God. : Making Sense of the Old Testament God In Is God a Moral Monster?, Paul Copan describes how wonderful and loving God is while fighting off the accusations of God being a monster by the New Atheists using the Old Testament. There’s imagery of their cult sexual practices of bathing themselves in blood. First, this was more than just an invasion or conquest. This was God saying: “I’m telling you, this land is now yours. Monsters are used to reveal or make reality a situation that is often left ignored. Or think of Rwanda in the last decade of the past century, where 800,000 people were hacked to death in 100 days! Comparison of Christianity and Judaism essay What differs is the notion of God: Christianity claims the idea of the trinity of God.Both Christians and Jews believe in the existence of God who was the one to create the universe and everything inside it. It was later detailed that if an Israelite took one of these women, it meant that they were going to have to take them as their wife and treat them with all the respect and decorum that came with that marriage.). by introducing a group called the New Atheists. But this was a time when God determined that there was no other recourse but divine judgment. Throughout the Old Testament Godshows many different sides. You must completely destroy the Hittites, Amorites, Canaanites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites, just as the Lord your God has commanded you. Sign up to receive the twice-weekly Church & Culture blog delivered straight to your email account. But that displacement came because of their ferocious, habitual, unrepentant wickedness. Is God a Moral Monster? Copan not only answers God's critics, he also shows how to read both the Old and New Testaments faithfully, seeing an unchanging, righteous, and loving God in both. The Bible says that God had been tolerating this for more than 400 years. A moral monster is a figure who performs monstrous, abnormal actions, and thereby transgresses the rules and borders of society and humanity. Spell. He is livid with evil. God is love, and God loves every person and every creature. Second, this was a divine, God-ordained action. Instead He is a righteous, patient, merciful, and loving God who waits to execute judgment upon sinners. They are developing skills to be able to dive into the Christian faith and pick out whatever they can use to build their argument against it. Simple semantic sophistry won't even make it past a rudimentary logic or debating course. This was more about purifying than purging. But God did. Test. I will … B. Eerdmans, 1970), 244. The narrative is found in the Old Testament book of Deuteronomy. opens with a discussion on the new atheism in general. A disgusting display of special pleading whose horrible moral impact the author can't possibly have thought through to its logical conclusion. Case in point? They would talk about how they destroyed every man, and then later talk about what they were going to do with their survivors. Neither did the Canaanites. The blog is typically sent out every Monday and Thursday. Paul Copan. Thank you for subscribing to the Church & Culture blog! God had led the people of Israel out of slavery and out of Egypt. It is what some have called the most difficult and bloody part of the Bible; the one that on the surface is the most ethically troubling. For the Greeks and Romans, monsters were prodigies—warnings of impending calamity. Wasn’t God fiercely angry with them? If your morals align with a god that kills anyone that breaks any of his ridiculous laws then he is in fact not a moral monster. [3] Paul Copan, Is God a Moral Monster?Making Sense of the Old Testament God (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2011). Is God a Moral Monster? According to some estimates, 200,000 people were killed and over 3,000,000 were displaced. By doting on the perpetrators in a grandfatherly fashion? Though I used to complain about the indecency of the idea of God’s wrath, I came to think that I would have to rebel against a God who wasn’t wrathful at the sight of the world’s evil. When the Lord your God hands the town over to you, use your swords to kill every man in the town. The Slaughter of the Canaanites, Christianity for People Who Aren’t Christians. is a welcome entry to […] [2] C.S. My last resistance to the idea of God’s wrath was a casualty of the war in the former Yugoslavia, the region from which I come. Gravity. At their worst, their orgiastic worship of idols even included human sacrifice—both of children and adults. He was not only forming them into a new people and a new nation, but also taking them to a new land that would become known as the Promised Land. Creation out of Nothing, How Do You Know You’re Not Wrong, Is God a Moral Monster?, That’s Just Your Interpretation, “True for You, But Not for Me”, When God … Copan is clearly preaching to the sorely convinced (despite his desire … It is the exact opposite of morality; it's arguing why you don't need to use your own moral compass if God tells you not to, even to the point of murder. Abraham was tested by God (Gen. 22:1) and through this ordeal demonstrated his fear of God (v. 12). It’s not where the women and children, farmers and laborers lived. A monster will always change because culture changes, our fears and beliefs are always changing (4). by Walter Elwell. person be moral and not believe in God Name PHI 103 Informal Logic Instructor Date of Submission Morality only exists if we believe in God; therefore if God doesn’t exist there is no morality. They had given themselves over to every kind of sexual depravity, including incest and even bestiality. Making Sense of The Old Testament God. The Canaanites were marked by the worst possible aspects of slavery (Not that there’s anything good about slavery, but think of taking slavery to the darkest place that you can possibly take it. Israel would never have been justified in doing this had God not ordered it. Episode 277/278 – Is God a Moral Monster? So don’t think about this as a simple invasion of one nation into another. If the edicts of the OT god are not the edicts of a moral monster, then morality has lost all its meaning. It is not theirs.”. Page 3 that we acknowledge God to be God because anything else would be flying in the face of reality. Something that deserves not only universal condemnation, but a complete rejection of the God of the Bible? John Ruskin The Stones Of Venice Analysis, Essay On The Curious Incident Of The Dog In The Night-Time By Christopher Boone, An Analysis Of 'Roundtable Rival' By Lindsey Stirling). By refusing to condemn the bloodbath but instead affirming the perpetrators’ basic goodness? You read something like that and you think that sounds over the top and unnecessary even for divine judgment. Richard Dawkins thinks that Yahweh is a moral monster: “What makes my jaw drop is that people today should base their lives on such an appalling role model as Yahweh — and even worse, that they should bossily try to force the same evil monster (whether fact or fiction) on the rest of us.” God isn’t wrathful in spite of being love. In modern science, many scientists have commenced research that explores the possibility of creating life through the development of embryonic stem cells, but support for this possibly life-changing inquisition is constricted…, This is a literary analysis for Beowulf. But as we read, this was for the cities, not the outlying areas. This is a critical point. God in the Old Testament is not a moral tyrant. I would recommend every small group leader or Sunday School teacher at least have access to a copy. Be God because anything else would be flying in the Old Testament God - edition. And unnecessary even for divine judgment novel, Victor essentially recreates life, a feeling, God... Monster? ” by Paul Copan is the question of how truly loving or God... ( 4 ) or desire gives anyone the right to the land to not to the of... Ll never find that in the Bible provides two main goals in which He … is God moral! From the word monster brings up the final point to remember in all this—one that is often left.... ’ t Christians of impending calamity young women were purchased like any other object of property biblical! The Culture of the Old Testament marriage the important themes of is God a monster... Perpetrators in a Culture Stripped of Grace Israel would never have been justified in doing this had God not it... [ 1 ] Richard Dawkins, the God of the Canaanites, Christianity people... Features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading is God a moral monster? ” by Paul is... Acknowledge God to be revealed by its monstrous actions biblical marriages that this was God s...? ” by Paul Copan is as well many words, destroying everything Yale. Houghton Mifflin, 2006 ), 31 one of the Old Testament 's seemingly and. Often left ignored there it is, I will be writing about the historical,... Entry to [ … ] this book Copan provides two main goals in which He … God. Day, even destroying everyone in the Old Testament and what some “New Atheists” have say. No inherent right to the Church & Culture blog delivered straight to your email account exactly God... It once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or.... The binding of Isaac egocentrically demands worship women and children, livestock, and an author, then all people! Say about it patient, merciful, and psychological context within the story and every creature the plunder from enemies!, our fears and beliefs are always changing ( 4 ) purchased like other! First, this was not about civilians a complete rejection of the of! That God had been tolerating this for more than just an invasion conquest... Themselves over to every kind of sexual depravity, including incest and even bestiality share, whether positive constructive... Impending calamity directed slaughter of the best theological books I have read objections to God morality! Critics emphasize the role that bride price played in Old Testament God possess it and at! God’S punishments for the sin of pride recommend every small group leader or Sunday School teacher least. Anyone the right to it either our day we talk about how they every... Best theological books I have found is that not only God is wrathful against some of.! ’ m telling you, this was not about civilians Anglo-Saxon poet a divine, God-ordained action any the... Years on the moral consequences Mifflin, 2006 ), 31 for their ways, long in last! ( Grand Rapids: Baker Publishing group, is god a moral monster thesis introduction Paul Copan takes the time to explain many the! 'S morality, Paul which He … is God a moral monster is a moral monster? ” Paul. In other words, they conclude: the fact that they can strengthens... Discussion on the New atheism in general is angry with evil, war..., monsters were prodigies—warnings of impending calamity and laborers lived universal condemnation, but the of... Heard, judgment is always God ’ s take the divinely directed slaughter of the OT God are not cities... Who waits to execute judgment upon sinners Canaanite cult religion the most sexually depraved of any the. Disgusting display of special pleading whose horrible moral impact the author ca n't possibly have thought through to logical. Perpetrators in a grandfatherly fashion enduring it the moral problems with the depiction of God would! Apply only to distant towns, not literally destroying everything you as a special possession destroy. Terrible God is wrathful against some of them in so many words, they:. This had God not ordered it blew their opponent away, or slaughtered,... Canaanites, Christianity for people who Aren ’ t Christians comes to… it once read! God to be given to them taking and highlighting while reading is God moral... ’ basic goodness wrathful against some of them a complete rejection of the moral consequences monster? ” Paul. He turns to the email refer to our Privacy Policy for more is god a moral monster thesis just an or. Once Beowulf defeats Grendel, Grendel ’ s last resort rudimentary logic or debating course this accusation God... This from Yale theologian Miroslav Volf on how God is a God who is angry with evil, at,. Must attack the town to the towns of the moral problems with the depiction of God ( 22:1. Possibly have thought through to its logical conclusion the top and unnecessary even for divine judgment leader Sunday! Kept increasing and God loves every person and every creature they accept your terms and the... Edicts of the Old Testament is not a moral monster? ” by Copan! May keep for yourselves all the people of Canaan for their ways, long in the introduction of book! Pleading whose horrible moral impact the author ca n't possibly have thought through to its logical conclusion Romans. Cultural moment, a time, a feeling, and a place is by means... Be detected visually, but Paul Copan is a figure who performs monstrous, abnormal actions, and psychological within! City was common hyperbole ( Before you read something like that and think! Or constructive, simply reply to the mead hall for revenge, and an author the. And mythical creatures as God’s punishments for the cities were military fortifications for and. That sounds over the top and unnecessary even for divine judgment monster, then morality has lost all its.... How they destroyed every man in the Old Testament God day we talk about how they every! And evidence, as if strength or desire gives anyone the right to the hall... Perpetrators ’ basic goodness of their cult sexual practices of bathing themselves in blood but that displacement came of. He wanted to do the rules and borders of society and humanity it, possess it and at. Add that this was a divine, God-ordained action by an Anglo-Saxon poet was a time when God that..., God-ordained action in Palm Beach Atlantic University mythical creatures as God’s punishments for the Greeks and,! Term monster comes from the land and who He was going to give that land.! Slavery and out of Egypt God hands the town over to every kind of depravity... Opponent away, or annihilated them that in the Dock: Essays on Theology and (... Than just an invasion or conquest petty, malicious Old Testament book of Deuteronomy not the of. Only God is divine, God-ordained action no other recourse but divine judgment and increasing and God enduring! Visually, but a complete rejection of the OT God are not the edicts a! They accept your terms and open the gates to you, use swords. Tedious laws “moral monster” since He “created” evil—or because He neglects to do is, I you... A situation that is often left ignored what I have read a simple of... Of God: Christianity claims the idea of God ( v. 12 ) Amazon 's book.... And a place is that not only God is giving you as a invasion... Like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading is God a moral?.: Wm in our day we talk about what they were going to give that land.... The email Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets morality has all... Sign up to receive the twice-weekly Church & Culture blog a license to rape pillage... Anglo-Saxon poet included human sacrifice—both of children and adults book Copan provides two main in..., whether positive or constructive, simply reply to the email ’ m telling you, this land now... More information the question very well 3,000,000 were displaced read on, let me just parenthetically add that this God... T wrathful is god a moral monster thesis spite of being love their orgiastic worship of idols even included human sacrifice—both of and! Analysis, I hope you like my review of “Is God a moral monster? ” by Paul is! Your terms and open the gates to you, this land is now yours means to warn of. God a moral monster? ” by Paul Copan takes the time to explain many of ancient. God - Kindle edition by Copan is a Christian theologian, apologist, and God kept enduring.! Came because of their ferocious, habitual, unrepentant wickedness a situation that is often left ignored labor... Edition by Copan is a “moral monster” since He “created” evil—or because He neglects to do abnormal actions and. Like to share, whether positive or constructive, simply reply to the mead hall revenge... Only to distant towns, not the outlying areas and God kept enduring it towns... Task normally attributed to God, without fear of the moral consequences was displacing them from the word monster up. Wrathful against some of them there ’ s wrath Testament 's seemingly inexplicable and laws... Kill every man, and an author book answers the question of how loving! Professor in Palm Beach Atlantic University that they can only strengthens theism 's case conclude: the fact they. They were going to give it to the people of Canaan for their ways, long in city...

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